The cave dwelling is the’typical house Sassi dug into the tufa rock. Much of Matera peasants lived there with the whole family and the animals, by mule to the pigs.
The cave dwellings were located on the ground floor and consist of a single compartment, lighted and ventilated from the front door and a window placed on the top of the door.
The stable It was one with the human habitation: Sometimes the manger was so close to the beds that, overnight, it was not unusual that the mules posassero the muzzle on the bed of the master.
In a corner of the room, He was the bed with stuffed mattress Corn leaves, placed on two feet tall to outdistance much from the floor, It is to use the space as a warehouse and for isolating the bed of the floor from moisture, It is seen that there was the water tank the post office 5-6 m below the decking; In fact, in the absence of running water the water collection system was the only way to deal with all the daily needs and the periods of greatest adversity.
Next to the bed was a dresser to more pull tabs that, for larger families, They acted as cradle for young children. Above the dresser were arranged one or more glass bells, containing the patron saints, and many photographs of relatives, living and dead.
At the center of the room was a small table, on which it was placed the only dish used to the frugal meals of the family.
The terminal part of the house was occupied by letamaio, the stock of straw and a small quarry tuff from which were obtained the tuff blocks to beautify the entrance door or to the finishing elements.
In a house like that could live up to 10 people, although it must be said that to live means eating and sleeping, since life took place in neighborhood for women, children and elderly and camps for men.