«A beautiful city, picturesque and impressive.» describes it as follows Carlo Levi in his book "Christ Stopped at Eboli".
The story begins about Matera 10.000 years ago, the territory of the "National Park of the high Murgia” testifies settlements right from’Paleolithic era. The man in those days lived in caves, but with the passage of time has gone by and they began to build housing more comfortable, that soon would form the "Sassi”.
Under the Kingdom of Naples the city experienced a major economic and cultural development. During the Second World War Matera was the first city in the South to rise up against the Nazis, for this he was awarded the Silver Medal for Valor and named "City of Peace".
The magic of the Sassi has captivated artists, writers and film directors, accomplices in the process of rediscovery worldwide, after leaving in the fifties. Today the Sassi were recovered and returned live. Hotel, workshops, restaurants, auditoriums and homes, over 2000 people have returned to the popular Sassi, among them many Foreigners.
Matera was the first city in the South to earn the seal Heritage UNESCO in 1993, Also in October 2014 has received the prestigious investiture European Capital 2019.